Home Garden of Local Community in Pancasila Village for Biodiversity Conservation and Ecotourism Sites Development in Tambora Geopark, Sumbawa Island

Luchman Hakim, Hong Sun Kee


Home gardens of the villages near the conservation area plays an important role, both in ecologicl and socio-economical aspects. The aim of the research is to identify the plant species diversity in home garden in Pancasila Village, Tambora Geopark in Sumbawa Islands. Floristic survey was conducted at 25 home gardens on local community. An in-depth interviews with informant was generated to generate information  related to species value and home garden management. Data was analyzed disruptively. Result of the study shows that 87 plant species (46 families) was grows in home gardens. These plants consist of 49.56 % of Phanerophytes, 8.90% of Chamaephytes, 25.28% of  Hemicryptophytes and 6.70%of Cryptophytes. According to phytogeograpical origins, 24.41% of the species exclusively are Asian tropic species. These plant has numerous purposes, including staple food, species and vegetables, fruit trees shading trees and ornamental plants. From all species in home garden, some plant has high frequency, including Nephelium lappaceum (f = 0.52), Bougainvillea spectabilis (f = 0.40), Mangifera indica  (f = 0.36), Musa paradisiaca (f = 0.36) and Coffea sp. (f = 0.32). Most of the species was identified as exotic plant species and therefore attention to such species group is needed to protect the environment and biodiversity of Tambora geopark.


home garden, Tambora Geopark, highland conservation, exotic plant species

Full Text:



Soemarwoto O, Soemarwoto I, Karyono SE, Ramlan A (1985) The Javanese home garden as an integrated agroe-cosystem. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 7 (3): 44 – 47.

Brun T, Reynaud J, Chevassus‐Agnes S (1989) Food and nutritional impact of one home garden project in Senegal. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 23 (2): 91 – 108. doi: 10.1080/03670244.1989.9991092.

Hylander K, Nemomissa S (2008) Home garden coffee as a repository of epiphyte biodiversity in Ethiopia. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6 (10): 524 – 528. doi: 10.1890/080001.

Lamont SR, Eshbaugh WH, Greenberg AM (1999) Species composition, diversity, and use of homegardens among three Amazonian villages. Economic Botany 53 (3): 312 – 326. doi: 10.1007/BF02866644.

Ryan C, Stewart M (2009) Eco-tourism and luxury–the case of Al Maha, Dubai. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 17 (3): 287 – 301. doi: 10.1080/09669580802366587.

Hakim L, Nakagoshi N. (2014). Ecotourism and Climates changes: the ecolodge contribution in global warming mitigation. Journal of Tropical Life Science 4 (1): 26 – 32. doi: 10.11594/jtls.04.01.05.

Gavier-Pizarro GI, Radeloff VC, Stewart SI et al. (2010) Housing is positively associated with invasive exotic plant species richness in New England, USA. Ecological Applications 20 (7): 1913 – 1925. doi: 10.1890/09-2168.1

Goddard MA, Dougill AJ, Benton TG (2010) Scaling up from gardens: biodiversity conservation in urban environments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25 (2): 90 – 98. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.07.016.

Lake JC, Leishman MR (2004) Invasion success of exotic plants in natural ecosystems: the role of disturbance, plant attributes and freedom from herbivores. Biological Con-servation 117 (2): 215 – 226. doi: 10.1016/S0006-3207(03)00294-5.

BKSDA NTB (2016) Laporan kinerja Balai KSDA NTB tahun 2015. Mataram, Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Direktorat Jenderal Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistem, Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Nusa Tenggara Barat.

Oppenheimer C (2003) Climatic, environmental and human consequences of the largest known historic eruption: Tambora volcano (Indonesia) 1815. Progress in Physical Geography 27 (2): 230 – 259. doi: 10.1191/0309133303pp379ra.

Badan Perencanaan Pengembangan Daerah dan Penelitian Pengembangan, Kabupaten Dompu (2015) Kajian Lingkungan hidup Kabupaten Dompu. Dompu, Badan Perencanaan Pengembangan Daerah dan Penelitian Pengembangan, Kabupaten Dompu.

Ellenberg H, Mueller-Dombois D (1966) A key to Raunkiaer plant life forms with revised subdivisions. Zurich, Ein Dienst der ETH-Bibliothek ETH Zürich.

Brummitt RK (2001) World geographical scheme for re-cording plant distributions, Edition 2, international working group on taxonomic databases, Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation. Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University.

Chen L, Huang Z, Gong J et al. (2007) The effect of land cover/vegetation on soil water dynamic in the hilly area of the loess plateau, China. Catena 70 (2): 200 – 208. doi: 10.1016/j.catena.2006.08.007.

Swaine MD, Whitmore TC (1988) On the definition of ecological species groups in tropical rain forests. Plant Ecology 75 (1): 81 – 86. doi: 10.1007/BF00044629.

Stohlgren TJ, Binkley D, Chong GW et al. (1999) Exotic plant species invade hot spots of native plant diversity. Ecological Monographs 69 (1): 25 – 46. doi: 10.1890/0012-9615(1999)069[0025:EPSIHS]2.0.CO;2.

Seabloom EW, Williams JW, Slayback D et al. (2006) Human impacts, plant invasion, and imperiled plant species in California. Ecological Applications 16 (4): 1338 – 1350. doi: 10.1890/1051-0761(2006)016[1338:HIPIAI]2.0.CO;2.

Mollick AS, Shimoji H, Denda T et al. (2011) Croton Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Blume cultivars characterized by leaf phenotypic parameters. Scientia Horticulturae 132: 71 – 79. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.09.038.

Pimentel D (2011) Biological invasions: economic and environmental costs of alien plant, animal, and microbe species. Boca Raton, CRC Press.

Karlina E, Hanani, N, Muhaimin AW (2016) Analisis neraca bahan makanan Kabupaten Sumbawa 2013 – 2017. Agricultural Socio-Economics Journal 13 (2): 104 – 116.

Hakim L, Nakagoshi N (2007) Plant species composition in home gardens in the Tengger highland (East Java, Indonesia) and its importance for regional ecotourism planning. Hikobia 15 (1): 23 – 36. doi: 10.1007/978-4-431-87799-8_6.

Aklimawati L, Mawardi S (2014) Characteristics of quality profile and agribusiness of robusta coffee in Tambora Mountainside, Sumbawa. Pelita Perkebunan (a Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal 30 (2): 159 – 180.

Daugstad K (2008) Negotiating landscape in rural tourism. Annals of Tourism Research 35 (2): 402 – 426. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2007.10.001.

Chronis A, Hampton RD (2008) Consuming the authentic Gettysburg: How a tourist landscape becomes an authentic experience. Journal of Consumer Behaviour 7 (2): 111 – 126. doi: 10.1002/cb.241.

Urban AJ, Simelane DO, Retief E et al. (2011). The invasive ‘Lantana camara L.’hybrid complex (Verbenaceae): A review of research into its identity and biological control in South Africa. African Enthomology 19 (2): 315 – 348. doi: 10.4001/003.019.0225.

Sundaram B, Krishnan S, Hiremath AJ, Joseph G (2012) Ecology and impacts of the invasive species, Lantana camara, in a social-ecological system in South India: Perspectives from local knowledge. Human Ecology 40 (6): 931 – 942. doi: 10.1007/s10745-012-9532-1.

Zenni RD, Ziller SR (2011) An overview of invasive plants in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Botany 34 (3): 431 – 446. doi: 10.1590/S0100-84042011000300016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11594/jtls.08.02.14

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Tropical Life Science