Effects of Compost on Nematode Pratylenchus sp. (Tylenchida: Pratylenchidae) Population in Patchouli


  • Cecep Subarjah Directorate General of Estate, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Toto Himawan Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
  • Retno Dyah Puspitarini Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia




Organic matters, patchouli, plant-parasitic nematode, Trichoderma sp.


Patchouli is seen as one of the most important export commodities in Indonesia. The presence of parasitic nematode Pratylenchus sp. creates a barrier to plant cultivation. Increasing organic content in soil by applying compost in the plantation is one of approaches in controlling the nematode. This research was mainly aimed to study the effects of compost fertilization on the population growth of nematode Pratylenchus sp. and yields on patchouli. These research used a Completely Randomised Design (CRD) consisting of 12 treatments with three replicates. Selected plant was inoculated with nematodes with the following initial population: 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 nematodes in soil with and without compost. The plant with no inoculation was used as control. The result of the research confirmed that the addition of compost was capable of suppressing the population of nematode Pratylenchus sp. as much as 58.93 - 67.31% and 40.74 - 59.19% in root and in soil of each treatment, respectively. Compost applied in each treatment positively affected the increasing amount of Patchouli oil yielded, and it could also reduce the loss as much as 18.34 - 43.36%. Trichoderma sp. was found to be dominant in compost in the treatment with its population of 2.1 × 104 propogul/g.

Author Biography

Cecep Subarjah, Directorate General of Estate, Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta, Indonesia

Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia


Harni R, Nuryani Y (2006) Strategies in controlling parasitic nematode on patchouli (in Indonesian). Bogor, Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat.

Wahyuno D, Hartati SY, Djiwanti SR et al (2012) Crucial diseases in patchouli and control (in Indonesian). Bogor, Balittro.

Harni R, Mustika I, Hobir (2007) Resistance of several numbers and varieties of patchouli to nematode Pratylencus brachyurus (Godfrey) (in Indonesian). Buletin Balittro 18 (1): 67-72.

Sriwati R (1999) Resistance of several patchouli cultivars (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) to Pratylenchus brachyurus (in Indonesian) (Godfrey) Filipjev. & Stekhoven. Master Thesis. Bogor Agriculture University.

Harni R, Mustika I (2000) Effects of infested Pratylenchus brachyurus, Meloidogyne incognita, and Radopholus similis on patchouli (in Indonesian). Buletin Balittro 11:47-54.

Olabiyi TI, Gbadamosi AR (2013) The effect of four compost soil amendments based on Trichoderma harzi-anum on nematode pest of sesame. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production 4 (5): 3859-3863.

Sahebani N, Hadavi N (2008) Biological control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica by Tricho-derma harzianum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 2016-2020.

Sharon E, Bar EM, Chet I et al (2001) Biological control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica by Trichoderma harzianum. Journal Phytopathology 91: 687-693.

Yedidia I, Benhamou N, Kapulnik Y et al (2000) Induction and accumulation of PR proteins activity during early stages of root colonization by the mycoparasite Trichoderma harzianum Strain T-203. Plant Physiology Biochemistry 38: 863-873.

Dropkin VH (1996) Introduction to plant nematology (translated version) (in Indonesian). Yogyakarta, Gadjah Mada University Press.

Crow WT, Dunn RA (1994) Soil organic matter, green manures, and cover for nematode management. University of Florida.

Stoppacher N, Kluger B, Zeilinger S et al (2010) Identication and profiling of volatile me-tabolites of the biocontrol fungus Trichoderma atroviride by HS-SPME-GC-MS. Journal of Microbiological Meth-ods 81: 187-193.

Wheatley R, Hackett C, Bruce A et al (1997) Effect of substrate composition on production of volatile organic compounds from Trichoderma spp. inhibitory to wood decay fungi. International Biodeterioration and Bi-odegradation 39 (2,3): 199-205.

Yang Z, Yu Z, Lei L, Xia Z et al (2012) Nematicidal effect of volatiles produced by Trichoderma sp. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 15: 647-650.

Harni R (1995) Nematode attack on spices and herbal plants (Indonesian). Media Komunikasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Industri 15.