Unlocking the Mysteries of Reproduction: Exploring Fecundity and Gonadosomatic Index in the Enigmatic Bornean Pygmy Halfbeak, Dermogenys colletei (Meisner, 2001) (Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae)

Breeding Biology of Bornean Pygmy Halfbeak

Authors

  • Kamil Latif
  • Lirong Yu Abit Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Abdulla- Al-Asif Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Bintulu Sarawak Campus, P.O.Box 396, Jalan Nyabau, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8274-2643
  • Leonard Umban Pengarah Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.14.02.06

Keywords:

Aquatic ecosystems, Reproductive adaptations, Reproductive strategies, Sarawak biodiversity, Viviparous fish

Abstract

The pygmy halfbeak Dermogenys colletei, is known for its viviparous nature, this presents an intriguing case of relatively low fecundity, raising questions about potential compensatory reproductive strategies employed by this species. Our study delves into the examination of fecundity and the Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) in the Pygmy Halfbeak, D. colletei (Meisner, 2001), an intriguing viviparous fish indigenous to Sarawak, Borneo. We hypothesize that the Pygmy halfbeak, D. colletei, may exhibit unique reproductive adaptations to offset its low fecundity, thus enhancing its survival and fitness. To address this, we conducted a comprehensive study utilizing 28 mature female specimens of D. colletei, carefully measuring fecundity and GSI to shed light on the reproductive adaptations of this species. Our findings reveal that D. colletei indeed exhibits low fecundity, with a mean of 16.76 ± 2.01, and a mean GSI of 12.83 ± 1.27, providing crucial insights into the reproductive mechanisms at play in this species. These results underscore the existence of unique reproductive strategies in D. colletei, enabling its adaptation and persistence in Borneo's diverse aquatic ecosystems, and call for further ecological research to elucidate these mechanisms. This study lends to a better understanding of viviparous fish in Borneo and contributes to the broader field of aquatic ecology, enhancing our knowledge of species adaptations to unique ecological challenges.

Author Biographies

Kamil Latif

Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

Lirong Yu Abit, Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

Abdulla- Al-Asif, Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Bintulu Sarawak Campus, P.O.Box 396, Jalan Nyabau, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

  Department of Animal Science and Fishery Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM Bintulu Sarawak Campus
P.O.Box 396, Jalan Nyabau
97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

Leonard Umban Pengarah, Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

Department of Animal Science and Fishery, Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Campus, Nyabau Road, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

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2024-06-03

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