Modulation of Granulocyte Cells Development by VipAlbumin® Administration in BALB/C Mice with Diabetes Mellitus

Andi Rizki Adi Pradana, Mansur Ibrahim, Muhammad Sasmito Djati, Muhaimin Rifa'i


Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease that is caused either by the decrease of insulin secretion from
pancreatic β cells or the insensitivity of target cells against insulin. High glucose levels (hyperglycemia condition)
can trigger the formation of free radicals, the main cause of diabetes micro and macrovascular complications. The
formation of free radicals and AGE (advanced glycation end-products) is assumed to became the key factor in the
decline of granulocyte cell production as well as the disruption of these cells functional activity. The purpose of
this research was to determine the role of VipAlbumin® in inhibiting the adverse effects of increased blood glucose
levels, which highly influence the production of granulocyte. This study was divided into in vitro and in vivo
stage. BALB/C mice were used as experimental animals at in vivo stage and induced to undergo diabetes through
100 mg/kg BW streptozotocin (STZ) injection at the age of 5 days. VipAlbumin® administered orally for 14 days,
which began when mice reached the age of 14 weeks. The administration of VipAlbumin® divided into 3 doses
i.e. 0,01664 mg/gr BW (1st dose), 0,416 mg/gr BW (2nd dose), and 10,4 mg/gr BW (3rd dose). The further step was
a flowcytometric analysis to see the development of granulocyte cells relative amount, which were isolated from
the bone marrow. The result of this analysis shows that VipAlbumin® administration, particularly at the 2nd and
3rd dose, were able to modulate granulocyte cells development in the bone marrow.

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