An Overview of Natural Inert Dust Utilization Against Stored-Product Pests as Part of Integrated Pest Management

An Overview of Natural Inert Dust Utilization Against Stored-Product Pests

Authors

  • M. Bayu Mario Universitas Hasanuddin https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3619-3348
  • William Yeremia Patasik Hasanuddin University
  • Muh. Ridha Taqwa Tang Hasanuddin University
  • Mukhti Muhammad Hasanuddin University
  • Amrina Rosyada Hasanuddin University
  • Ahmad Arisandi Jamal Hasanuddin University
  • Nurwahida Hasanuddin University
  • Leknath Kafle National Pingtung University of Science and Technology
  • Samir AM Department of Pesticide Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21526, Egypt
  • Eirene Brugman Department of Plant Pest and Disease, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, In-donesia
  • Ito Fernando Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indo-nesia 65145

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.14.01.15

Keywords:

Cuticle, Dehydration, Diatomaceous earth, Silica, Zeolite

Abstract

Natural inert dust has been used as a grain protectant since the ancient Aztecs of Mexico to this modern era. Natural inert dust is divided into three groups: the first group includes sand, kaolin, paddy husk ash, wood ash, and clay; the second group includes mineral dust; and the third group includes natural silicas such as diatomaceous earth and zeolite. Natural inert dust has a unique mechanism for killing insect pests. Inert dust particles penetrate the insects’ exoskeleton, causing dehydration through the cuticle. Relative humidity is a crucial factor affecting the efficacy of inert dust application. Inert dust has been traditionally used by farmers, which impacts the insects, such as decreasing population, no insect resistance, and being environmentally friendly. Problems of using inert dust include visible residues on grain, airborne dust, reduced flowability, bulk density reduction, and adverse effects on downstream processing machinery. Moreover, inert dust is a very light product, thus it may cause human respiratory illness. The inert dust can be applied to the smaller or larger storage containers. Natural silica can be readily integrated into modern agriculture as a pest management solution.

Author Biographies

M. Bayu Mario, Universitas Hasanuddin

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

William Yeremia Patasik, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Muh. Ridha Taqwa Tang, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Mukhti Muhammad, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Amrina Rosyada, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Ahmad Arisandi Jamal, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Nurwahida, Hasanuddin University

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture

Leknath Kafle, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology

Department of Tropical Agriculture and International Cooperation

Samir AM, Department of Pesticide Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21526, Egypt

Department of Pesticide Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21526, Egypt

Eirene Brugman, Department of Plant Pest and Disease, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, In-donesia

Department of Plant Pest and Disease, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

Ito Fernando, Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indo-nesia 65145

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia 65145

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2024-02-09

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