Development of Bangle Rhizome and Purple Sweet Potato Flour Biscuit and Its in vivo Antioxidant Activity in High-Fat Diet-Induced Rats

Biscuit, hiperlipid and antioxidant


  • Nanik Sulistyani Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Nurkhasanah Mahfudh Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Rofidah Nur Umar Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
  • Muhammad Fathurrachman Mantali Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Manado



Antioxidant, Bangle rhizome, Biscuits, Hyperlipidemia, purple sweet potatoes


Bangle rhizome and purple sweet potato could be used as functional food to overcome
health problems such as hyperlipidemia. The anti-hyperlipidemic, nutritional properties of the above-said root vegetables could be formulated into a more community-preferred food in the form of biscuits. For this reason, this study aims to formulate
biscuits from the mixed flour of bangle rhizome and purple sweet potato. Next, the
prepared product's antioxidant activity and lipid-lowering properties are tested in
vivo in high-fat diet-induced Wistar rats. In this study, bangle rhizome and purple
sweet potato were turned into flour and formulated into three types of biscuits comprising different ratios of bangle rhizome and purple sweet potato flour (5:39 % w/w
(F1), 3:41 % w/w (F2), and 2:42 % w/w (F3)). The study found that the baked products
showed good organoleptic and physical properties, yielding golden- to brown-colored
biscuits with a distinctive aroma and vaguely bitter after-taste, with F3 showing the
highest hardness (8.94 0.18). The proximate analysis test showed that the biscuits
achieved three of the six SNI 01-2973-2011 quality requirements. The best formula
(F3) exhibited acceptable in vivo antioxidant catalase (5.12 0.16 U/mL) and glutathione peroxidase activity (64.44 2.11 U/mg) in high-fat diet Wistar rats tested for 28
days. The F3 formula was deemed the best, yielding biscuits with low moisture content and good crispiness. The formulated biscuits increased catalase's antioxidant activity (285.47%) and glutathione peroxidase (265.08%) more than the negative control. Hence, the study demonstrated that bangle rhizome and purple sweet potato-containing biscuits were potentially useful functional foods for improving antioxidant activity in high-fat diet-induced Wistar rats.


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