The Effectiveness of Various Types of Local Hydromacrophytes on The Phytoremediation Process of Catfish Pond Wastewater using a Batch Culture System

The Effectiveness of Various Types of Local Hydromacrophytes


  • Umi Sa'adah Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Dian Siswanto Department Biology, Faculty Mathematics and Science, Universitas Brawijaya
  • Catur Retnaningdyah Department Biology, Faculty Mathematics and Science, Universitas Brawijaya



Batch culture, Catfish pond, Hydromacrophyte, Remediation, Wastewater, Water quality


This study aimed to determine the effectivity of various types of local hydromacrophytes on the remediation of wastewater from catfish culture ponds in Gondosuli village, Gondang, Tulungagung, East Java, Indonesia, using a batch culture system. This
experiment used a completely random design and was conducted in the glasshouse.
The batch culture system was conducted in a 30 L tank containing sand and gravel as
the medium for hydromacrophytes. This research consisted of five treatments (emergent, submerged, floating leaf, polyculture of 3 types of hydromacrophytes, and control without hydromacrophytes). This study was repeated three times at the same time.
The effectiveness of the phytoremediation model was monitored using indicators of
water physicochemical parameters and the biotic index of phytoplankton. The biotic
indices were used the Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') of phytoplankton and the
diatom biotic index (Trophic Diatom Index (TDI) and Percentage of Pollution Tolerant Value (%PTV)). After giving the treatment, monitoring was carried out on days 0,
10, 20, 30, and 40. The results showed that the batch culture system for phytoremediation post-harvest catfish pond wastewater with local hydromacrophytes improved the
water quality. However, not all water physicochemical parameters after treatments
meet Indonesian water quality standards. Abundance showed water quality fluctuations over time, while Shannon Wiener's diversity index (H' value) decreased as water
quality decreased. This study's PTV value demonstrated that pollutant levels vary by
treatment. Only the control and submerged hydromacrophytes improved their TDI
status; another treatment remained moderate. The best treatment was 40 days after
acclimatization with polyculture treatment of three types of local hydromacrophytes.
Research and other systems like continuous culture are needed for optimal results to
improve water quality.

Author Biography

Catur Retnaningdyah, Department Biology, Faculty Mathematics and Science, Universitas Brawijaya

Laboratory Ecology and Restoration Tropical Ecosystem 


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