A short review on identification of ABCDE genes in monocot plants

Short review of ABCDE genes in monocot plants

Authors

  • Suchilkumar Soorya Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute,Palode,Thiruvananthapuram 695562.India
  • Thacheril Sukumaran Swapna Department of botany, University of Kerala Kariavattom, Thiruvananthapuram-695 581, India
  • Kalluvettankuzhy Krishnan Nair Sabu Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Division, Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute,Palode,Thiruvananthapuram 695562.India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.12.03.15

Abstract

One of the most important divisions in the plant kingdom is the monocotyledon division of angiosperms. More than 60,000 monocot spp. have been identified, the majority of which are economically important, such as the Poaceae, Orchidaceae, Arecaceae, Liliaceae, and certain other families. The involvement of the ABCDE model
of floral organ determination during flower development is a growing area of research
in the field of molecular biology due to the diversity in the floral morphology of monocots. The MADS-box gene family is a large molecular transcript family that helps
identifies specific proteins involved in floral development. It is classified into several
classes based on its function. The review aimed to evaluate the significance of
ABCDE genes for floral development and subsequent organ identification, which
have been discovered in a range of monocot plants, as well as the functions of these
genes in determining the sex of dioecious plants. We sought to summarise the MADS-box gene responsible for flower initiation and floral whorl differentiation reported in
economically valuable monocotyledonous plants.
Keywords: ABCDE model, Dioecious, Floral organ identity, MADS-box gene,Monocots

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Published

2022-10-12

Issue

Section

Review