The Cellulolytic Bacteria Associated with Gut of Longhorn Beetle, Prionomma bigibbosum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): an Electron Microscopic Study

Cellulolytic Bacteria Associated with Gut of Prionomma bigibbosum

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.12.03.09

Abstract

Adult Cerambycid (sub-family Prioninae) beetles are non-feeders. The present study aims to investigate and evaluate the gastrointestinal microbiota in long horn beetle Prionomma (Ancyloprotus) bigibbosum White (1853) (Coleoptera: Crambycidae: Prioninae: Prionini) gut. Scanning electron micrograph revealed the presence of abundant bacteria firmly attached to hindgut. The gut flora were isolated and screened on Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) agar medium using CMC as sole carbon source. The cellulolytic activity was measured both qualitatively and quantitatively. Cellulolytic efficiency was assessed by DNS method. Potent cellulose degrader bacterial isolate was subjected to phenotypic and genotypic characterization. A Gram positive, non-motile, oxidase positive coccoid isolate designated as PBI9 was found to be efficient cellulose degrader. Based on 16S rRNA gene analysis, the isolate was found to be most closely related to Mammaliicoccus fleurettii, Mammaliicoccus stepanovicii and Mammaliicoccus lentus (99.24%, 99.17% and 99.17% respectively) and was identified as Mammaliicoccus  sciuri (99.86% similarity) (NCBI Accession number MZ351443). This appears to be first study undertaking SEM of gut microbiota of longhorn beetle, P. bigibbosum and to report the P. bigibbosum gut as a novel source of cellulolytic bacteria.   Keywords: Cerambycid, Mammaliicoccus sciuri, PBI9, Prionomma bigibbosum, Scanning Electron Microscope

Author Biographies

SUMITA BISWAS, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES,NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

RESEARCH SCHOLAR, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG-793022, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

PROFESSOR DIBYENDU PAUL, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG- 793022, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

PROFESSOR DIBYENDU PAUL HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT, DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG-793022, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

DR. ATANU BHATTACHARJEE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS, NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG- 793022, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

DR. ATANU BHATTACHARJEE, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, PROFESSOR DIBYENDU PAUL HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT, DEPARTMENT OF BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS, NORTH-EASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY, SHILLONG-793022, MEGHALAYA, INDIA

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Published

2022-09-16