Factors Related to Acceptance of Covid-19 Vaccine among Hemodialysis Patients in Indonesia

Factors Related to Acceptance of Covid-19 Vaccine among Hemodialysis Patients

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11594/jtls.12.03.12

Abstract

Hemodialysis patients are at risk of being infected with Corona Virus Disease 2019
(Covid-19). On the other hand. End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) plays a role as a
predictor factor of severe Covid-19 infection. There is no data about factors that affect
Covid-19 vaccine acceptance among hemodialysis patients in Indonesia. This study’s
goal is to determine the factors related to Covid-19 vaccine acceptance among hemodialysis patients. A Cross-sectional study occurred in September 2021 in the hemodialysis unit at Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital Semarang. Inclusion criteria include
ESKD patients who underwent hemodialysis ≥3 months, hemodialysis frequency
twice a week, communicable, and agree to join in this study. While patients with incomplete data. and being treated in the Covid-19 isolation ward are excluded from
this study. Collected data analyzed using chi-square using Statistical Program for Social Science (SPSS) 18.0 version. From 87 respondents, 36 (41.4%) respondents have
been vaccinated and 51 (58.6%) respondents have not been vaccinated. Hemodialysis
patients with high educational level, elderly, and has undergone hemodialysis >18
months have higher acceptances of Covid-19 vaccine (57.1% and 33.9%; 60.9% and
34.4%; 51% and 38.5%, p-value 0.04; 0.027; 0.03. Prevalence Ratio (PR) = 1.7; 1.8;
1.8). While gender, marital status, and history of Covid-19 infection did not have a
significant relationship to Covid-19 vaccine acceptance (p > 0.05). Educational level,
elderly patients, and duration of hemodialysis have a higher acceptance of the Covid19 vaccine among the hemodialysis population.
Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, End-Stage Kidney Disease, Immunity, SARSCoV-2, Vaccination

Author Biographies

Langgeng Perdhana, Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital, Semarang

Emergency Department, Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital, Semarang

Suryani Yuliyanti, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Semarang, Indonesia

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Sultan Agung Islamic University, Semarang, Indonesia

Shofa Chasani, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang

Department of Internal Medicine, Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital Semarang

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang

Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang

Department of Internal Medicine, Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital, Semarang

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Published

2022-10-12

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Articles