Low Levels of Vitamin D correlate with Hemoglobin A1c and Interleukin-10 Levels in Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Vitamin D is reported to affect immune system and prevent autoimmunity. Some studies show that low vitamin D levels in patients with type 1 diabetes are associated with glycemic control and inflammatory status. The study was cross sectional design with subjects T1DM patients aged 1-18 years, and healthy subjects with similar age. Plasma levels of vitamin D (25(OH)D3) was measured using ELISA. Glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Inflammatory status measured by examination of IL-10 using ELISA method. Comparison of vitamin D levels, HbA1c levels and IL-10 levels were analyzed by independent samples t-test. The relationship between vitamin D levels, HbA1c, and IL-10 were analyzed by Pearson's correlation. Our subjects were 20 T1DM patients and 20 healthy controls. Our study showed that vitamin D (25(OH)D3) levels was significantly lower than in healthy controls (20.82±5.53 ng/ml vs 33.14±2.17 ng/ml; p=0.000), HbA1c levels was significantly higher than in healthy controls (10.08±5.02% vs 5.02±0.18%; p=0.000), IL-10 levels was significantly lower than in healthy controls (16.50±4.57 ng/ml vs 73.52±7.11 ng/ml; p=0.000). Vitamin D levels were correlated with HbA1c (p= 0.000; r= -0.871), correlated with IL-10 (p= 0.000; r= 0.853). HbA1c levels were correlated with IL-10 levels (p= 0.000; r= -0.878). Low vitamin D levels are common in T1DM patients. There were significant differences in vitamin D levels, IL-10, and HbA1c among T1DM patients compared to normal subjects. Vitamin D levels were associated with HbA1c levels and IL-10 levels in T1DM.
Copyright (c) 2014 Journal of Tropical Life Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The work has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or part of a published lecture or thesis) and it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. When the manuscript is accepted for publication in this journal, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Journal of Tropical Life Science is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License