Species Richness and Endemism of Zingiberaceae in Cinchona Forest Reserve, Lantapan, Bukidnon, Philippines

John Austin Lennox Faro Jayme, Noe Polo Mendez, Rainear Auxtero Mendez, Daniel F Somera, Alma B Mohagan

Abstract


This study was carried out to provide information on species richness and endemism of Zingiberaceae in Cinchona Forest Reserve, Kaatuan, Lantapan, Bukidnon, Philippines. Transect walks, opportunistic sampling and collection within the sampling quadrats were conducted along established forest trails to collect ginger species. A total of 11 species of Zingiberaceae were documented belonging to two subfamilies (Alpinioideae and Zingiberoideae) and three tribes (Alpinieae, Hedychieae, and Zingibereae). The species recorded include Adelmeria alpina Elmer, Alpinia haenkei C.Presl, A. rufa C.Presl, Etlingera fimbriobracteata (K.Schum.) R.M.Sm., E. pubimarginata (Elmer) A.D.Poulsen, Hedychium philippinense K.Schum., Hornstedtia conoidea Ridl., H. lophophora Ridl., Meistera muricarpa (Elmer) Škorničk. & M.F.Newman, Zingiber banahaoense Mood & Theilade, and Zingiber sp. Of these, H. philippinense is the only threatened species recorded. All species are endemic to the Philippines except for E. fimbriobracteata which is native to Borneo and Zingiber sp. which is unidentified to the species level. These species represent 41% of the total genera and 9% of the total species of Zingiberaceae in the Philippines. The high endemicity (82%) in the total collected species in this study and the presence of a threatened species in this area calls for protection and conservation by the stakeholders.


Keywords


Conservation; Gingers; Key Biodiversity Area; Mt. Kitanglad; Philippine endemic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acero KML, Amoroso VB, Lumista HP, Mendez NP, Acma FM (2019) Species Richness and Composition of Zingiberaceae in Mt. Hamiguitan expansion site, Davao Oriental, Philippines. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 16: 121–136.

Acma FM (2014). Amomum dealbatum Roxb. (Alpinoideae, Zingiberaceae), a new record for the Philippine flora. Asia Life Sciences 23 (2): 527–536.

Acma FM, Mendez NP (2018) Noteworthy records of Philippine endemic gingers (Zingiberaceae) in the buffer zone of Mt. Hamiguitan Range Wildlife sanctuary, Davao Oriental, Philippines. Environmental and Experimental Biology 16 (2):11–115. doi: 10.22364/eeb.16.10.

Bhunia D, Mhondal AK (2012) Antibacterial activity of Alpinia L. (Zingiberaceae) from Santal and Lodha Tribal areas of Paschim Medinipur Districts in Eastern India. Advances in Bioresearch 3 (1): 54–63.

Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Administrative Order (2017) Updated National List of Threat-ened Philippine Plants and their Categories. DAO 2017-11. Quezon City. Retrieved from: https://server2.denr.gov.ph/uploads/rmdd/dao-2017-11.pdf.

de Boer H, Newman MF, Poulsen AD, Droop AJ, Fér T, Hiền, LTT, Hlavatá K, Lamxay V, Richardson JE, Steffen K, Leong-Škorničková J (2018) Convergent morphology in Alpinieae (Zingiberaceae): Recircumscribing Amomum as a monophyletic genus. Taxon 67(1): 6–36.

Harris DJ, Newman MF, Hollingsworth ML, Möller M, Clark A (2006) The phylogenetic position of Aulotandra Gagnep. (Zingiberaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 23: 725–734.

Kress WJ, Prince LM, Williams KJ (2002) The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data. American Journal of Botany 89: 1682–1696.

Lamb A, Gobilik J, Ardiyani M, Poulsen AD (2013) A Guide to Gingers of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota, Kinabalu.

Larsen K, Ibrahim H, Khaw SH, Saw IG (1999) Ginger in Peninsular, Malaysia and Singapore. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Ketakinabalu, Malaysia.

Naive MAK (2017). Zingiberaceae of Kalatungan Mountain Range, Bukidnon, Philippines. Bioscience Discovery 8 (3): 311–319.

Pelser PB, Barcelona JF, Nickrent DL eds. (2011 onwards) Co’s Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippines.org.

Poulsen AD (2006) Etlingera of Borneo. Natural History Publications. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. http://www.nhpborneo.com/book.

Te-Lin W, Larsen K (2000) Zingiberaceae. Flora of China 24: 322–377.

Tobias AB, Malabrigo PL, Umali AGA, Eduarte GT, Mohagan AB,

Mendez NP (2019). Taxonomy, Recollection and Conservation of newly discovered populations of Hedychium philippinense (Zingiberaceae): an endemic and threatened species in the Philippines. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 8 (1): 88–l 92.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11594/jtls.10.02.10

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Tropical Life Science