Nutritional Value of Selected Edible Ficus Fruit in Kuantan

Nadira Nazua, Rozilawati Shahari, Che Nurul Aini Che Amri, Nur Shuhada Tajudin, Mohd. Radzali Mispan

Abstract


Interest in the nutritional value content in food had been increasing as one of the ways to reduce the disease among the human being. Ficus is one of the fruit that contained high in major source of nutrients. Considering the important towards the mankind, this study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional content of Ficus fruit. There were six species and varieties of Ficus used in this study. The fresh sample was collected from selected area in Kuantan, Pahang. The major proximal components such as moisture content, crude fibre, crude lipid, total ash, crude protein, carbohydrate and energy was analysed using AOAC method. Based on this study, the moisture content ranges from 36. 33 % - 49.67 % in F. carica cv. BTM6; crude protein 2.3 % - 4.58 % in F. carica cv. TGF; crude lipid 0.01 % - 0.11 % in F. carica cv. BTM6; total ash 14.94 % - 21.22 % in F. carica cv. Alma and crude fiber 0.88 % - 3.36 % in F. carica cv. BTM6. The highest value of carbohydrate and energy content was found in F. hispida with 43.86 % and 175.44 kJ, respectively. According to our findings, consumption of Ficus fruit is recommended for commercialized in green industry based on its nutritional content that was crucial for human health.


Keywords


Nutritional value, wild Ficus, cultivated Ficus, planting medium

Full Text:

PDF

References


Guo C, Yang J, Wei J et al. (2003) Antioxidant activities of peel, pulp and seed fractions of common fruits as determined by FRAP assay. Nutrition Research 23 (12): 1719 – 1726. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2003.08.005.

Hossain ABM, Boyce AN (2009) Fig fruits growth and quality development. Bulgarian Journal of Agriculture Science 15 (3): 189 – 196.

Ribeiro AB, Bonafé EG, Silva BC (2013) Antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content, fatty acids and correlation by principal component analysis of exotic and native fruits from Brazil. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 2 (24): 797 – 784.

Lau E, Goh HJ, Quek R et al. (2016). Rapid estimation of the energy content of composite foods: The application of the Calorie AnswerTM. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 25 (1): 18 – 25.

Paknahad A, Sharafi M (2015) Benefits of fig as viewed by Islam and modern medicine. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 8 (5): 682 – 685.

Anderson PC, Crocker TE (2013) The Fig. Florida. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Accessed date: April 2019.

Flaishman MA, Rodov V, Stover R (2007) The fig: Botany, horticulture and breeding. In Janick J (Ed.), Horticultural. Wiley & Sons, Chichester. doi: 10.1002/9780470380147.ch2.

Berg CC, Corner EJH (2005) Moraceae: Ficeae. Flora Malesiana 17: 1-186.

Canal J, Torres MD, Romero A, Perez C (2000) A chloroform extract obtained from a decoction of Ficus carica leaves improves the cholestrolaemic status of rats with streptootocin- includede diabetes. Acta Physiologic Hungarica 87 (1): 71 – 76. doi: 10.1556/aphysiol.87.2000.1.8.

Rubnov S, Kashman Y. Rabinowitz R et al. (2001) Suppressors of cancer cell proliferation from fig (Ficus carica) resin: Isolation and structure elucidation. Journal of Natural Products 64 (7): 993 – 996. doi: 10.1021/np000592z.

Ao c, Li A, Elzaawely AA et al. (2008) Evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Ficus microcarpa L. fil. extract. Food Control 19 (10): 940 – 948. doi: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2007.09.007.

Soni N, Mehta S, Satpathy G, Gupta RK (2014) Estimation of nutritional, phytochemical, antioxidant and anti-bacterial activity of dried fig (Ficus carica). Jurnal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 3 (2): 158 – 165.

Slatnar A, Klancar U, Stampar F, Veberic R (2011). Effect of drying of figs (Ficus carica L.) on the contents of sugars, organic acids, and phenolic compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59 (21): 11696 – 11702. doi: 10.1021/jf202707y.

Veberic R, Jakopic J, Stampar F (2008) Internal fruit quality of figs (Ficus carica L.) in the Northern Mediterranean Region. Italian Journal of Food Science 20 (2): 255 – 262. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.05.061.

Solomon A, Golubowicz S, Yablowicz Z (2006) Antioxidant activities and anthocyanin content of fresh fruits of common fig (Ficus carica L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 54 (20): 7717 – 7723. doi: 10.1021/jf060497h.

Sadia H, Ahmad M, Sultana S et al. (2014). Nutrient and mineral assessment of edible wild fig and mulberry fruits. Fruits 69 (2): 159 – 166. doi: 10.1051/fruits/2014006.

Pugalenthi M, Vadivel V, Gurumoorthi P, Janadhanam K (2004) Comparative nutritional evaluation of little known legumes Tamarandus indica, Erythrina indica, and Sesbania bispinosa. Tropical Subtropical Agroecosystem 4 (3): 107 – 123.

Khan A, Khan S, Jan AA, Khan M (2017) Health compli-cation caused by protein deficiency. Journal of Food Sci-ence and Nutrition 1 (1): 1 – 2. doi: 10.35841/food-science.1000101.

Aerts R, Chapin FS (1999) The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: A reevaluation of processes and patterns. Academic Press. Advances in Ecological Research 30: 1 – 67. doi: 10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60016-1.

Celestino SMC (2010) Princípios de Secagem de Alimentos; Embrapa Cerrados, Planaltina. Pp 19.

Morais DR, Rotta EM, Sargi SC et al. (2017) Proximate composition, mineral contents and fatty acid composition of the different parts and dried peels of tropical fruits cultivated in Brazil. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 28 (2): 308 – 318. doi: 10.5935/0103-5053.20160178.

Hussain J, Rehman N, Al-Harrasi A et al. (2011) Nutritional prospects and mineral compositions of selected vegetables from Dhoda sharif– Kohat. Journal of Medicinal Plants Reserach 5 (29): 6509 – 6514. doi: 10.5897/jmpr11.478.

Li YO, Komarek AR (2017) Dietary fibre basics: Health, nutrition, analysis, and applications. Food Quality and Safety 1: 47–59. doi: 10.1093/fqsafe/fyx007.

US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, (USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 15, (2002) Nutrient Data Laboratory retrieved from www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp. Accessed on April 28, 2018.

Habimana S, Uwamahoro C, Uwizerwa JB (2014) Influence of chicken manure and NPK (17-17-17) fertilizer on growth and yield of carrot. Netherlands Journal of Agri-cultural Science 2 (4): 117 – 123.

Bello MO, Falade OS, Adewusi SR, Olawole NO (2008) Studies on the chemical compositions and anti-nutrients of some lesser known Nigerian fruits. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: 3972- 3974.

Jung CH, Choi KM (2017) Impact of high-carbohydrate diet on metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Nutrients 9: 322. doi:10.3390/nu9040322.

Adaunwo EO, Edori OS, Fubara PE (2013). Proximate and mineral composition of red tree tomato. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology 3 (4): 1447 – 1454.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11594/10.01.02

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Tropical Life Science