Identification of Fingerprints Pattern in Mixed Family of Chinese-Javanese Ethnic

Istiftakhun Nikmah, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah


The aim of this study is to identify fingerprints patterns from the mixed family of Chinese-Javanese ethnic. The fingerprint patterns divided into three main patterns, i.e. arch, loop and whorl. The respondents were determined based on inclusion criteria (subject of research qualified as a sample) and the exclusion criteria (subjects which could not be used as a sample) through interviews and questionnaires. First, respondent’s fingers cleaned with alcohol or washed using soapy water. The patterns of fingerprint were taken by pressing one by one using an inked stamp pad. Then, printed on white paper which has been given a code and serial number of fingers for each respondent. The last step was to identify the specific characteristic of fingerprint patterns from the respondents and analyzed it while determining about similarity and variability of inter-generations. The results indicated that the mixed family of Chinese-Javanese ethnic had whorl variant pattern (plain whorl and double loop whorl) on the thumbs as a specific marker of Javanese ethnic. Otherwise, radial loop on the index and tented arch pattern on both index and little finger are the unique marker of Chinese ethnic. Thus, both Javanese and Chinese ethnic have co-dominant fingerprint patterns for mixed family of Chinese-Javanese ethnic.


Chinese, Ethnic, fingerprinting, Javanese

Full Text:



Relethford JH (2009) Race and global patterns of phenotypic variation. American Journal Physical Anthropology. 139 (1): 16 – 22. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20900.

Kroeber AL (1992) Anthropology today: An encyclopaedic inventory. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.

Linton S (1998) Claiming disability: Knowledge and identity. New York, New York University Press.

Templeton AR (2013) Biological races of human. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Science 44 (3): 262 – 271. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2013.04.010.

Kucken M, Newell AC (2005) Fingerprint formation. Journal of Theoretical Biology. 235 (1): 71 – 83. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.12.020.

Wang L, Alexander CA (2014) Fingerprint patterns and the analysis of gender differences in the patterns based on the U test. International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System 2 (3): 88 – 92. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-2.

Suryo (2003) Genetik manusia. Yogyakarta, Gadjah Mada University Press.

Bhargava N, Bhargava R, Narooka P, Cotia M (2012) Fingerprint recognition using minutia matching. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (3): 641-643.

Widianto Y, Marhendra APW, Fatchiyah F (2007) The tracing of inheritance of fingerprint patterns in interethnic marriage genealogies. Bachelor thesis. Brawijaya University, Departement of Biology.

Iza N, Prawestiningtyas E, Fatchiyah F (2014) Forensic profiling of Javanese and Madurese families in Malang and Madura, East Java Indonesia. Cukurova Medical Journal. 39 (1): 26 – 38. doi: 10.17826/cutf.10337.

Notoatmodjo S (2010) Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Jakarta, Rineka Cipta.

FBI (2015) Recording legible fingerprints. Accessed: October 2016.

Awasthi V, Awasthi V, Tiwari KK (2012) Fingerprint anal-ysis using termination and bifurcation minutiae. Interna-tional Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering (2): 124-130.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Tropical Life Science