Exploration of Flora Diversity and Recommending Species for Reclamation of Coal Mining with Biodiversity Concept in Besiq Bermai Forest, East Borneo

Trimanto Trimanto, Fita Shofiah

Abstract


This research was conducted to gather basic information to support recovery coal mining area with study of flora biodiversity. Plants inventory were conducted explorative in Besiq Bermai forest. Some observations were conducted on plants as integral part of the documentation process. The result showed that there are 203 numbers of plant. They consist of 51 families of flora collection to be conserved in Purwodadi Botanic Garden. There are 53 species of orchid that collected from this forest, including of rare species and endemic orchid. There are 70 numbers of 1000 specimen floras to be collected in Nursery of coal mining to be used in reclamation program. There are 20 species of flora that be conserved because it is threatened species that based on IUCN. Ten species can be chosen to become pioneer species in reclamation of coal mining area. Biodiversity concept can be used in reclamation of post mining area. Prospective conservation area that called Arboretum is provided for in-situ conservation program. Some practical considerations are suggested for fu-ture reclamation projects.


Keywords


Borneo, flora, coal mining, reclamation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Reid WV (1998) Biodiversity hotspots. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13 (7): 275 – 280.

Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG et al. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853 – 858. doi: 10.1038/35002501.

Paoli GD, Curran LM, Zak DR (2006) Soil nutrients and beta diversity in the Bornean Dipterocarpaceae: Evidence for niche partitioning by tropical rain forest trees. Journal of Ecology 94 (1): 157 – 170. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01077.x.

Marchese C (2015) Biodiversity hotspots: A shortcut for a more complicated concept. Global Ecology and Conservation 3: 297–309. doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2014.12.008.

Good R (1951) An atlas of Asclepiadaceae. New Phytologist 51 (2): 199 – 209.

Rajudin E, Farediah A, Hasnah MS et al. (2010) Chemical constituents from tiger's betel, Piper porphyrophyllum N.E.Br. (Fam. Piperaceae). Natural Product Research 24 (4):387 – 390. doi: 10.1080/14786410903421826.

Othman AS, Peter CB, Chan LK (2010) Studies on Monstereae (Araceae) of Peninsular Malaysia III: Scindapsus lucens, a New Record for Malaysia, and a Keyto Peninsular Malaysian Scindapsus. Garden’s Buletin Singapore 62 (1): 9 – 15.

Suksthan P, Madulid DA, Borchsenius F (2010) Marantaceae in the Philippines. Taiwania 55 (1): 28 – 36.

Priyadi H, Takao G, Rahmawati I et al. (2010) Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java: A checklist including Sundanese names, distribution and use. Bogor, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). doi: 10.17528/cifor/003235.

Sirirugsa P (1999) Thai Zingiberaceae: Species diversity and their uses. In Proceedings of International Conference on Biodiversity and Bioresources: Conservation and Utilization: November 1997.

Ibrahim H, Khalid N, Hussin K (2007) Cultivated gingers of peninsular Malaysia: Utilization profiles and micro-propagation. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59 (1-2): 71 – 88.

Siregar C (2008) Exploration and inventory of native orchid germplasm in West Borneo, Indonesia. HortScience 43 (2): 554-557.

Majid H, Anthony L, Ramlan M, Monica S (2014) The wild orchid of Crocker Range National Park, Sabah, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Jurnal 66 (4): 440 – 462.

Padmanaba M, Douglas S, Iman B, Nining L (2013) Accessing local knowledge to identify where species of conservation concern occur in a tropical forest landscape. Environmental Management 52: 348 – 359.

Sieder A, Rainer H, Kiehn M (2007) CITES checklist fo Bulbophyllum and allied taxa (Orchidaceae). https://cites.org/. Accessed: February 2017.

Zelmer CD, Cuthbertson L, Currah RS (1996) Fungi associated with terrestrial orchid mycorrhizas, seeds and protocorms. Mycoscience 37 (4): 439 – 448. doi: 10.1007/BF02461001.

Swarts ND, Dixon KW (2009) Terrestrial orchid conservation in the age of extinction. Annals of Botany 104 (3): 543 – 556. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcp025.

Ashton P (1998) Shorea smithiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T33138A9761547. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed: 20 November 2015. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33138A9761547.en.

Smith JR, Bagchi R, Ellens J et al. (2015) Predicting dispersal of autogyrating fruit in tropical trees: a case study from the Dipterocarpaceae. Ecology and Evolution 5 (9): 1794 – 1801. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1469.

Curran LM, Caniago I, Paoli GD et al. (1999) Impact of El Nino and logging on canopy tree recruitment in Borneo. Science 286 (5447): 2184 – 2188. doi: 10.1126/science.286.5447.2184.

Pannell CM (2004) Three new species, two new subspecies and five new combinations at the subspecific level in Aglaia Lour. (Meliaceae). Kew Bulletin 59 (01): 87-94

Pannell CM (1998) Aglaia crassinervia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998. http://www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed: 20 November 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T34752A9887403.

Joycharat N, Greger H, Hofer O, Saifah E (2008) Flavaglines and triterpenoids from the leaves of Aglaia forbesii. Phytochemistry 69 (1): 206 – 221. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.06.016.

Webb CO, Ali S (2002) Plants and vegetation of the Maliau Basin Conservation Area, Sabah, East Malaysia. Sabah, Yaysan Sabah.

Slik JWF, Bernard CS, van Beek M et al. (2008) Tree diversity, composition, forest structure and aboveground biomass dynamics after single and repeated fire in a Bornean rain forest. Oecologia 158 (3): 579 – 588. doi: 10.1007/s00442-008-1163-2.

Kong KW, Chew LY, Prasad KN et al. (2011) Nutritional constituents and antioxidant properties of indigenous kembayau (Dacryodes rostrata (Blume) HJ Lam) fruits. Food Research International 44 (7): 2332 – 2338. doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2010.10.039.

Martin J, Gower T (1996) Forest succession. Forestry Facts 78: 1 – 4.

Pressey RL, Humphries CJ, Margules CR et al. (1993) Beyond opportunism: Key principles for systematic reserve selection. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8 (4): 124 – 128. doi: 10.1016/0169-5347(93)90023-I.

Hendrychova M (2008) Reclamation success in post-mining landscapes in the Czech Republic: A review of pedological and biological studies. Journal of Landscape Studies 1: 63-78

Nussbaum R, Anderson J, Spencer T (1995) Factors limiting the growth of indigenous tree seedlings planted on degraded rainforest soils in Sabah, Malaysia. Forest Ecology and Management 74 (1): 149 – 159.

Groninger J, Skousen J, Angel P et al. (2007) Mine reclamation practices to enhance forest development through natural succession. Forest Reclamation Advisory 5: 1 – 5.

Williams RE, Gagen MH, Walsh RP, Bidin K (2015) On the development of a drill-borer for sampling tropical supra-hardwoods: An example using the Borneo ironwood Eusideroxylon zwageri. Dendrochronologia 35: 99 – 104. doi: 10.1016/j.dendro.2015.07.004.

Janzen DH (1974) Tropical Blackwater Rivers, animals and mast fruiting by the Dipterocarpaceae. Biotropica (4): 69-103

Krisnawati H, Kallio MH, Kanninen M (2011) Anthocephalus cadamba Miq. Ecology silviculture and productivity. Bogor, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR).

Pinard M, Howlett, Davidson D (1996) Site conditions limit pioneer tree recruitment after logging of dipterocarp forests in Sabah, Malaysia. Biotropica 28 (1): 2 – 12. doi: 10.2307/2388766

Trimanto T (2014) Vegetation analysis and tree biomass estimation of carbon stocks in seven montane forests of Bawean Island Nature Reserve, East Java. Berita Biologi 13 (3): 321 – 332. doi: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v13i3.676.

Saiful YL, Armania N (2014) Dillenia species: A review of the traditional uses, active constituents and pharmacological properties from pre-clinical studies. Pharmaceutical biology 52 (7): 890 – 897. doi: 10.3109/13880209.2013.872672.

Adman B (2012) Revegetasi Lahan Pasca Tambang Batu Bara dengan Jenis-jenis Pionir Lokal Kalimantan. Balai Penelitian Teknologi Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam, Kalimantan Timur.

Baratta MT, Dorman HJ, Deans SG et al. (1998) Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 13 (4): 235 – 244.




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Tropical Life Science