Population Study of the Golden Chicken Fern (Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. in Riau Province, Sumatra

Titien Ngatinem Praptosuwiryo, Dwi Murti Puspitaningtyas, Didit Okta Pribadi, Rugayah Rugayah

Abstract


Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm. (Cibotiaceae) is an important export commodity for both traditional and mod-ern medicine. Populations of this species in several countries have decreased rapidly due to the uncontrolled collection of the rhizome parts for medicinal purposes. Since 1976, this species has been included in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). This means that no export is allowed without a prior permit issued by the CITES committee.  In order to utilize an endangered species sustainably, the global NDF (Non-Detriments Finding) system is applied for determining annual quotas. Therefore, monitoring and updating the inventory of C. barometz in its natural habitat should be carried out annually. A population study of C. barometz carried out in 2011 in Riau Province, Sumatra, is reported here. The aims of the study were: 1) to inventory C. barometz and determine its variation in Riau Province, Suma-tra, 2) to study the distribution and ecology of C. barometz, and 3) to assess the population size of this spe-cies by using random search methodology incorporating belt line transects. Two variants of C. barometz are recognized; they are the golden yellow and golden brown variants. C. barometz is distributed in eight loca-tions of Kampar District of Riau Province, in the secondary forest and rubber agroforest between 80 m and 600 m above sea level (asl). This species grows well in open to partially opened areas of secondary forest and rubber plantation in hills with a range of slope between 30° and 90°, with a relatively high humidity, 60 – 90%, in acid to nearly neutral soil, with a range of soil fertility from very poor to very humus rich soil.  The average population density determined in our study was 20 plants per 100 square meter. The highest popula-tion size was in the secondary forest of Bukit Kuda Beban at 590 – 600 m asl., viz. 9405 plants with a popula-tion density  of 47 plants per 100 square meter.

Keywords


Cibotium barometz, medicinal fern, morphological variation, habitat characteristic, population size

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zhang XC, Nishida H (1983) Cibotiaceae In: Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY, eds. Flora of China Vol 2–3 (Pteri-dophytes). Beijing, Science Press. pp 132–133.

Holttum RE (1963) Cyatheaceae In: Steenis CGGJ van, eds (1963) Flora Malesiana Ser. II. Vol. 1 (2). Leiden, Noord-hoff-Kolff. 164-166.

Hassler M, Swale B (2002) Family Dicksoniaceae genus Cibotium; World species list. http://homepages.caverock.net.nz. Accessed: January 2017.

Smith AR, Pryer KM, Schuettpelz E et al. (2006) A classifi-cation for extant ferns. Taxon 55: 705-731.

Praptosuwiryo TNg, Pribadi DO, Puspitaningtyas DM, Hartini S (2011) Inventorying of the tree fern genus Cibo-tium of Sumatra: Ecology, population size, and distribu-tion in North Sumatra. Biodiversitas 12 (4): 204 – 211.

Praptosuwiryo TNg (2003) Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Smith. In: de Winter WP, Amoroso VB, eds. Plant Re-sources of South-East Asia 15 (2) Cryptogams: Ferns and Ferns Allies. 79-82. Leiden, Backhuys Publisher.

Jia J, Zhang XC (2001) Assessment of resources and sus-tainable harvest of wild Cibotium barometz in China. Me-dicinal Plant Conservation 7: 25-27.

Zhang XC, Jia JS, Zhang GM (2008) Non-detriment find-ing for Cibotium barometz in China. NDF Workshop Case Studies. WG 2-perennials.

You YF (2012) Analysis of genetic diversity of Cibotium barometz (Linn.) J.Sm. by ISSR and SRAP Markers. Mas-ter Thesis. Southwestern University.

Nguyen T, Le TS, Ngo DP et al. (2009). Non-detriment finding for Cibotium barometz in Vietnam. SC58 Doc. 21.1. Annex 2.

Yao DM (1996) Pharmacopoeia Commission of the Minis-try of Public Health, P.R. China, A Coloured Atlas of the Chinese Materia Medica Specified in Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China (1995 edition). Guangdong Sciences and Technology Press, Guangzhou.

Ou M (1992). Chinese-English manual of common-used traditional Chinese medicine. Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangzhou.

Nguyen VD, Doan TN (1989) Medicinal plants in Vi-etnam. World Health Organisation, Hanoi.

Aguraiuja R (2001) Population status of five Hawaiian endemic fern taxa within the genus Diellia (Aspleniaceae). CBM:s Skriftserie 3: 7 – 14.

Beukema H, Noordwijk, MV (2004) Terrestrial Pterido-phytes as indicators of a forest-like enviroment in rubber production systems in lowlands of Jambi, Sumatra. Agri-culture, Ecosystem and Environtment 104: 63 – 73.

Janssen T (2006) A moulding method to preserve tree fern trunk surface including remarks on the composition of tree fern herbarium specimens. Fern Gazatte 17 (6, 7, 8): 351 – 363.

Lutes DC (2002) Assessment of line transect method: An examination of the spatial patterns of down and standing dead wood. USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181, Washington DC.

Shenoy A, Johnstone JF, Kasischke ES, Kielland K (2011) Persistent effects of fire severity on early successional for-ests in interior Alaska. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 381 – 390. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.10.021.

Stehman SV, Salzer DW (2000) Estimating density from survey employing unequal-area belt transects. Wetland 20 (3): 512 – 519. doi: 10.1672/0277-5212(2000)020<0512:EDFSEU>2.0.CO;2.

Praptosuwiryo TNg, Rugayah, Pribadi DO (2011b) Survey and monitoring methods for Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. (Cyatheaceae). In Seminar National Proceeding on Conservation of Tropical Plants: 7 April 2011; Cianjur. Re-viewed by Didik Widyatmoko, D.M. Puspitaningtyas, R. Hendrian, Irawati, Izu A. Fijridiyanto, Joko R. Witono, Risna Rosniati, Siti Roosita Ariati, Sri Rahayu, Titien Ng. Praptosuwiryo. 449-456.

Landi M, Angiolini C (2010) Population structure of Os-munda regalis in relation to environmental and vegetation: An example in the Mediterranean area. Folia Geobot. doi: 10.1007/s12224-010-9086-1.

Rugayah, Praptosuwiryo TNg, Puspitaningtyas DM (2009) Morphological variation of Cibotium barometz from West Sumatra. In Proceedings on the International Conference on Biological Science: 16-17 October 2009; Yogyakarta. 329 – 401.

You YF, Deng HP (2012) Analysis of genetic diversity of the rare and endangered species Cibotium barometz by SRAP Markers. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica 32 (4): 688 – 692.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11594/jtls.07.02.13

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Tropical Life Science